Saturday, August 23, 1997

True Reformation

By Keith E Gatling         Sermon for October 23, 1997

Lessons for Reformation Day in Year B
Jeremiah 31:31-34,
Psalm 46,
Romans 3:19-28,
John 8:31-36

Reformation. The birthday of the Lutheran church. The birthday of the Protestant church. The day we celebrate Martin Lu­ther’s nailing his 95 Theses to the church door in Wittenberg, and sticking it to Rome and the Pope. The day we get in the faces of all the Catholics we know and say "NYAAH!"…and then count on the fingers of an amputated hand the number of Catholic friends we have left.

Reformation. That’s what it’s all about, isn’t it? Lutheran pride, Protestant pride. Dredging up all the old reasons why we’re right and they’re wrong. Feeding the fires of a 500 year old debate.

Well, the old radio announcer in me (now there’s something you probably didn’t know about me!) would say, "EHNNT! Wrong an­swer! You lose! And what do we have for the departing contestants, Johnny?"

Well, what we have for you is better than the year’s supply of Turtle Wax, the case of Rice-a-Roni (the San Francisco treat), or even a copy of our home game. What we have for you is the truth, and if you’ve been pay­ing attention to the lessons, you know what that does for you.

While it’s true that the date of Reformation Day is set based on when Martin Luther posted his 95 theses and fired the shot that started the Protestant Reformation, even a cursory glance at the appointed reading will tell us that this is not what the focus of the day is. The readings don’t talk about an in­stitutional reformation, successfully com­pleted, that we’re on the "right" side of, and can smugly look down our noses at those who aren’t on our team. No…they talk about something different, something better, and something not quite a done deal yet.

In the first lesson, Jeremiah says that God will make a new covenant with his peo­ple, one in which he will write his law on their hearts, and one where they will all know the Lord. This doesn’t sound like an institutional reformation to me. It looks a whole lot more like a personal reformation, an individual reformation. A reformation in which the people are changed, and then perhaps the institutions and society are changed by those people. A people who have a better understanding of God’s intentions for those institutions, a people who are not quite as clueless as we’d previously read about them being (you know, I’ve always wondered how, anyone after being led through the Red Sea, could just a little while later say, "Hmm, I’m not sure about this God of yours, Moses.").

Has this day come yet? I don’t think so. At least I know it hasn’t for me. I know about God. I know lots of things about God…from many different denominational and religious perspectives. And you know something? I’m tired of knowing about God. I want more, I want what Jeremiah talks about…I want to actually know God, person­ally, face to face, without centuries worth of interpretations and personal opinions get­ting in the way. Hasn’t happened yet for me. Has it happened for you?

There are a lot of us out there who are doing the best we can knowing about God, and messing up in good faith along the way. There are people on opposite ends of the political spectrum, each with deep faith in God, and doing what they believe is the right thing based on what they’ve learned about God…and often disagreeing. Even disagreeing as to whether or not the other person is even following God because, well, "If you were, you’d obviously see things my way."

This is what reformation is about…not about a bureaucratic and theological refor­mation long done, but an individual one still in progress.

Do we boast because we’re Lutherans, the first of the Protestants (or at least the first of the successful Protestants)? Do we use this day to swell up with Lutheran pride and drag out all those great hymns by Mar­tin Luther that have served us and so many other Protestants so well for the past 500 or so years?
Paul might say, "By no means!" In fact, in his letter to the Romans, he said, "Then what becomes of boasting? It is excluded!" After all, what do we have to boast about? Can we claim that we are absolutely right and the Catholics are absolutely wrong? I don’t think so. Can we at least be sure of where we’re right and they’re a little off? I’m not so certain about that either. I know that we can easily identify where we dis­agree, but can we really be sure that they’re the ones who are wrong when it happens?

So then what can we boast about? Ironi­cally, we can boast about being smart enough to know how stupid we are. We can boast about being smart enough to know that we need to be reformed. Notice what I said there…I didn’t say that we need to reform (although I’m sure a lot of us need to do a bit of that too), I said that we need to be reformed, remade by God so that we can be like the image Jeremiah talked about. We know that we need to be reformed, and of that we can boast. We can also boast of a God who loves us enough to want to reform us…no matter how much it costs. And we all know how much it did cost.

So then what becomes of all those old argu­ments dating back from the Reformation and the Counter-Reformation? Well, there are a couple of things to consider…

Did you ever get into a heated argument with someone very close to you? Did you ever say some things in the heat of anger that you didn’t really mean, and that if they were ever written down might be taken dif­ferently than you meant them by people who had no personal knowledge of the situation? Did you ever notice that you were maybe too stubborn to admit when someone else was right, and just had to keep justifying your position in order to save face, thinking that "If I give in on this, then there goes every­thing"?

Well, perhaps the same thing happened with all those things we’ve heard about the Reformation. Yes, it’s true that Martin Lu­ther and the Pope threw quite a number of insults back and forth, but the writing doesn’t always tell us whether they were being deadly serious or humorously sarcas­tic, and of course, wanting to ascribe total seriousness to an issue as important as re­ligion, we don’t even consider that maybe they were "only kidding" about some of the things they called each other in their anger and frustration.

But there’s also another thing to con­sider…times have changed. Over the past couple of hundred years we’ve learned enough from each other to be at the point where one definition of a Lutheran is a Catholic who failed Latin and doesn’t play Bingo. I think that Martin Luther would’ve felt right at home at Vatican II. Most of us have gotten past the point of saying things like "We shouldn’t do that because it’s a Catholic thing," and you know, if we avoided doing everything that Catholics did, we wouldn’t be singing, praying, or even eating and breathing.

I once read that the very opinions that would’ve marked you as a card carrying So­cialist back in the 20s and 30s are now very mainstream among today’s Democrats and Republicans. And the same applies to our Lu­theran/Catholic relationships. Over the years we’ve learned that so many of our "really big arguments" were merely just slightly different understandings based on different turns of phrases. Different inter­pretations based on different cultural back­grounds and cultural baggage, and which made perfect sense when you took that into consideration.

So what of the arguments of the past 500 years? Well, for the most part they are, and should be, ancient history. None of us now would think of carrying on family relation­ships based on a feud from four generations ago, and yet there are many of us who still insist on going back 500 years to make use­less Lutheran/Catholic distinctions.

But back to that individual reforma­tion…what today is really about. When I first glanced at the Gospel reading for to­day, I assumed that there were another few sentences in it that I was looking forward to using and talking about. When I later read it more closely, I found out that those sen­tences weren’t there, but were, in fact in similar passages in Luke and Matthew. It’s where John the Baptist is amazed by the crowds of people coming to him to be bap­tized and said, "Don’t say to yourselves ‘Oh, but we have Abraham as our ancestor,’ be­cause God is able to make new descendants for Abraham from these stones!"

It would’ve tied in perfectly with that Lu­theran pride thing. So many of us say, "But we’re good Lutherans, surely we please God." And yet before us there were those who said, "But we’re good Catholics" and "But we’re good Jews." Have we even noticed the pattern? Have we learned anything from it?

Again, our salvation is not based on who we are. That has been made clear. Instead we are to desire to be reformed, transformed even. And this reformation will enable us to see the truth…a truth which will in some cases show us where many of our deepest held opinions were mistaken, but a truth that will free us to serve God and each other better.

What is Reformation about? Perhaps at one time it was about changing the structure and practices of the institutional church, but as you’ve figured out by now, I don’t think that’s what it’s about anymore. Because you see, changing the structure doesn’t neces­sarily change the hearts of the people. No…the good news of Reformation is that we’re looking at the kind of reformation that Jeremiah spoke about…one where we are changed, and then we change the church and the world around us.

And I want you to start thinking of ref­ormation in this way too. Not as a day that celebrates a done bureaucratic and theologi­cal deal, not as a day on which we try to draw attention to ourselves for being Lu­therans (especially among those Catholics we know), but instead as something that we can look forward to having happen to each of us…that we might no longer teach each other or say to one another ‘Know the Lord,’ be­cause we will all know him, from the least to the greatest, and he will forgive our iniquity and remember our sin no more.

This is the good news of reformation!

Thursday, August 7, 1997


By Keith E Gatling         Sermon for August 7, 1997

Lessons for Pentecost 13 in Year B
Proverbs 9:1-6,
Psalm 34:9-14,
Ephesians 5:15-20,
John 6:51-58

Wisdom. One of my favorite words in the Bible. One of my favorite concepts. One of the things I desire most…for everyone. But if I can’t have that, I’ll settle for the winning lottery numbers.
Wisdom and intelligence. Being wise and being smart. Wisdom and smarts. Even though we tend to use the terms interchangeably in English, they really are two separate ideas, two different concepts. And interestingly enough, they are in Hebrew and Greek too.

Greek has sophia and gnosis. In English we have wisdom and intelligence, or their adjective forms wise and smart.

Okay, so enough with the English lesson already. What’s the big difference? Well, the difference to me, and I’ll admit right up front that it’s not one that’s consistently followed in the Bible, is what you do with the information you have. The smart kid knows how to break into everyone else’s computer account without being caught or even leaving any signs of the break-in. The wise kid has the exact same knowledge, but also knows that she shouldn’t do it.

The smart person knows how to get The Disney Channel or HBO for free by building a converter box out of parts from Radio Shack. Again, the wise person knows not to. But not only that, the wise person also understands why he shouldn’t do it.

The smart CEO knows that cutting employees will reduce costs and raise the company’s stock price. The wise one understands that there are other implications and that there may be better ways to do this than a massive bloodletting.

It seems that intelligence is only half the equation. Wisdom is so much more. Wisdom is intelligence with a conscience. It’s intelligence with a knowledge and intimate understanding of the consequences of using that information. Wisdom, or at least my definition of it, includes a feeling of responsibility for the proper use of the knowledge you have. Wisdom is intelligence used in the service of God.

Proverbs says that wisdom has gone out and invited people to feast at her table. Calling in those who lack understanding so that they may gain wisdom and live. Ah, but how many of us who lack understanding realize it. Or how many of us who realize it really want to admit it? How many of us are wise enough to realize that we’re fools?

In his letter to the Ephesians, Paul says to walk not as fools, but as wise. He says "don’t be unwise, but understand what the will of the Lord is." This seems to fit in with my definition of wisdom…learn God’s will and use the other knowledge you have in accordance with it!

The psalm doesn’t mention wisdom specifically at all, but if you look at it carefully, what is it that the psalmist is talking about but a wise person.

And then there are the people in the Gospel reading. They were no idiots. They knew that Jesus couldn’t give them his flesh to eat…that is where flesh is strictly defined as the epidermis, the dermis, and some muscle tissue. But maybe they weren’t wise enough to see past the literal meaning to something different that Jesus meant. Perhaps they weren’t wise enough to say, "Excuse me. I’m confused. I really want to understand this, so could you go over this again for me?"

And yet, in this world true wisdom is often not its own reward…at least not in the short run. One need only look at Jimmy Carter to see this. This poor guy has been saddled with the title "the best former president the country ever had," a title he really hates. People only began to really appreciate his wisdom after they voted him out of office. And yet I can safely say without tipping my hand as to my political affiliation (and I’m not dogmatic on either side) that most people now would prefer Carter to anyone we’ve had since. We are now, almost 20 years later, able to recognize the wisdom in some very unpopular decisions he made. We are also now able to recognize the foolishness in some very popular decisions made by subsequent presidents.

Wisdom says, "Come eat of my bread and drink of the wine I have mixed. Forsake foolishness and live." Jesus says, "I am the living bread from Heaven…and my blood is drink indeed." What is he telling us here? He is our wisdom. If we seek him we seek wisdom and understanding. If we seek to do his will, then we seek to do what is truly wise and not merely smart, what benefits everyone and not just ourselves.

I said at the beginning that I want wisdom…for everyone. And I think that now that you understand my meaning, and what I think the Bible’s meaning is, you’ll understand when I say that I want this wisdom even for…and maybe even especially for…my enemies and those who hate me. After all, if they are wise, truly wise, and not just smart or shrewd, can they hate me or hurt me?

And so I ask God to grant wisdom not only to those whom I’ve entrusted to look out for me…people like Roy Bernardi, George Pataki, Bill Clinton, Pastor Paul, and Pastor Seibert to name a few…but also for those who are my sworn enemies and enemies of those I hold dear; Saddam Hussein, Moamar Gaddaffi, members of the IRA, and all manner of zealots and terrorists.

And yet, asking for wisdom for those who hate me or merely drive me crazy doesn’t just mean converting them to my point of view. Because you see, what is perhaps most important is that I ask God to give me wisdom too. The wisdom to be able to see when someone else is right, and to be able to accept correction even from them.

And so what I want perhaps more than anything else in the world is wisdom for everyone, because I believe that from wisdom comes love, comes peace, comes sharing, comes understanding.

But like I said before, if I can’t have that, I’ll settle for this week’s winning lottery numbers.